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The best time to visit Mongolia is between mid-June and late August, which is the summer season, characterized by sunny days and a little rain to keep the scenery lush and green. It’s a pleasant time of year, although only the southern Gobi is truly hot.

The country’s landlocked location gives rise to an extreme continental climate, which means winter is long, cold and dry, while summer is brief but mild. Summer and winter temperatures vary widely — they can reach 73°F in summer, but sit around 3°F in winter, although they regularly drop to -22°F and below across the country.

Given the severity of the winter months, travel to the areas around the capital Ulaanbaatar is only possible between May and October. However, it’s possible to travel to Mongolia on the Trans-Siberian Railway at any time of year.

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Month-by-month guide for traveling in Mongolia

Gandan Monastery, Ulaanbaatar

Visiting Mongolia in January - March

Mongolia’s wintertime is fierce — Ulaanbaatar becomes the world’s coldest capital — so we advise against all travel during this period.

Toilogot Ger Camp, Khuvsgul Lake

Visiting Mongolia in April - May

Mongolia starts emerging from its arduous winter (although you may still see snow on the ground well into June). The countryside outside Ulaanbaatar is dotted with wildflowers and the landscapes are generally greener. Ger camps are open all year round, but springtime can be a particularly good time to visit when the nights aren’t quite as bitingly cold.

Archer in traditional dress at the Naadam Festival

Visiting Mongolia in June - July

Mongolia’s summer months of June and July see the country at its busiest. Visitors arrive in droves to attend the Naadam Festival, so availability can be non-existent (if you plan to visit in July, we recommend booking your trip well in advance). The days are longer and warmer, making for generally more comfortable travel conditions.

Events & Festivals

  • The Naadam Festival is a major tournament celebrating Mongolian culture and its national sports (archery, horse racing and wrestling).
Delgermoron River Valley, Mongolia

Visiting Mongolia in August - September

The weather is still warm, although Ulaanbaatar and its surrounds can experience a little more rain. The country quietens down and can become a little colder, especially toward the end of September.

Karakorum, Mongolia

Visiting Mongolia in October - December

October sees winter close in on Mongolia again. The cold temperatures last until April, making travel anywhere in the country unadvisable during the final months of the year.

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Travel advice

Practical tips for traveling to Mongolia, from social protocols to guidance on money matters, with a link to the latest Government of Canada travel advice.