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Mongolia’s landlocked location gives rise to an extreme continental climate, with summer and winter temperatures varying widely. Ulaan Baatar is the world’s coldest capital, and across the country winter temperatures regularly drop to -30°C (-22 F) and below. Only the southern Gobi is truly hot in the summer months, though this is also when you’re more likely to encounter the little rain that does fall each year. It’s possible to travel to Mongolia on the Trans-Siberian Railway at any time of year, although certain months can be much more rewarding than others. Given the severity of the winter months, travel to the areas around Ulaan Baatar is only feasible between May and October.

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Audley Travel specialist Chris

Start planning your tailor-made trip by calling one of our Mongolia specialists on 01993 838 225

The Naadam Festival is a real experience, but unless you’re planning to attend it, I suggest visiting Mongolia in September. It’s quieter than the summer months of June, July and August, so you can really explore Ulaan Baatar away from the crowds.

Matt, Indian Subcontinent & South Central Asia specialist

Mongolia Climate Guide

Destination Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Ulaan Baatar -16°C 2mm -12°C 2mm -2°C 4mm 8°C 10mm 17°C 16mm 22°C 50mm 23°C 69mm 22°C 63mm 16°C 30mm 7°C 8mm -5°C 4mm -14°C 3mm

Month-by-month guide to travelling in Mongolia

Archer in traditional dress at the Naadam Festival

Visiting Mongolia in June - July

Mongolia’s summer months of June and July see the country at its busiest. Visitors arrive in droves to attend the Naadam Festival, so availability can be non-existent (if you plan to visit in July, we recommend booking your trip well in advance). The days are longer and warmer, making for generally more comfortable travel conditions.

Events & Festivals

  • The Naadam Festival is a major tournament celebrating Mongolian culture and its national sports (archery, horse racing and wrestling).

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Trip ideas and travel guides to exploring Mongolia

Trip ideas for exploring Mongolia