All New Peru
A year ago, the Sacred Valley of the Incas experienced devastating amounts of rain that damaged villages and cut off the ancient citadel from the outside world. Machu Picchu was closed for two months and visitor numbers to Peru plummeted. However, many used this downtime to take stock and make much needed improvements. Here our specialists take a look at the new developments.
Machu Picchu, Peru
Last year's devastating floods in Peru gave the country a little time to take stock and make some much needed improvements to a number of key areas.
Here, out specialists discuss some of the new developments and what they mean for our clients.
Discovering Machu Picchu
On 24th July 1911 Yale University Professor Hiram Bingham, searching for the lost Inca capital of Vilcabamba, paid a Peruvian guide to lead him to a nearby ruin. After a long and steep climb, the guide led him straight into the ‘lost’ city of Machu Picchu. The site was overgrown with thick vegetation, and Bingham’s team had to be content with roughly mapping the citadel. Bingham returned in 1912 and 1915 to carry out the difficult task of clearing the thick forest, when he also discovered some of the ruins on the so-called Inca Trail.
Machu Picchu is believed to have been built around 1450, at the height of the Inca Empire and was abandoned just over 100 years later, possibly as a result of the Spanish Conquest. Recently, Yale University ended a long-running dispute and signed an agreement to return to Peru some 5,000 Inca artefacts taken from Machu Picchu by Hiram Bingham in 1912. The relics, including stone tools, ceramics and human and animal bones, will be housed in a new centre in Cuzco.