It’s difficult to know who to credit with the architectural achievement of Galle. The Portuguese built this fortified coastal city in the 16th century. Then the Dutch spent 100 years enlarging the ramparts before the British added towers, a lighthouse and more gates. Perhaps the hats really come off to its current custodians, Sri Lanka’s Department of Archaeology, who’ve sensitively restored Galle while encouraging a community of artisanal boutiques, cafés and B&Bs. The modern city has now burst its walls, spreading along the coast and into the hills inland.
Sitting on a peninsula on Sri Lanka’s southwest coast, Galle Fort is surrounded by water on three sides. You can circumnavigate it by walking along its stone-walled battlements, stopping to wander through gateways and bastions.
A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the fort is often lauded as the best example of the interaction between European styles and Asian traditions. You can delve into this further in the Marine Archaeological Museum, which occupies an old spice warehouse.
Along the northern battlements is one of the later additions to the fort: a clock tower built to commemorate the jubilee of Queen Victoria. From here, you have views over the Galle International Stadium, a cricket ground where you can sometimes see the team training. On the southern edge is Galle Lighthouse, which overlooks a frangipani-fringed beach.
A number of Dutch churches occupy space inside the fort walls, including the always freshly painted Dutch Reformed Church, whose floor is paved with gravestones from Dutch cemeteries.
Many buildings have been converted into boutiques selling locally made crafts. Others are now cafés — look out for Dairy King and its homemade ice cream. Many stay open into the evening, when you can stroll along warmly lit streets perusing the tea merchants, galleries of vintage posters, and stores filled with handmade wooden sculptures.
Outside the fortress, Galle draws visitors with stretches of rose-gold sand, framed with tangles of mangrove and frangipani trees. Unawatuna Beach to the south is the best known, but head north and you’ll find quieter stretches of coast and a selection of locally run beach hotels.
Exploring around Galle
You need about a day to take in Galle, but it’s also a good base for exploring the surrounding area. About half-an-hour’s drive away is Yatagala Temple, a mural-covered rock shrine set back from the road among the paddy fields. You’ll often have the cave and its golden reclining Buddha to yourself.
To see more of the rural landscape, take a cycling tour from Galle, passing inky-blue lakes, villages of clay-tiled homes and paddy fields in neat squares. A short cycle might take you through Eluvila Bird Sanctuary, a mangrove wetland that attracts the rare blue-eared kingfisher.
As a keen cyclist, you could tackle the hills leading to Hiyare Forest Reserve, a rainforest where Sri Lankan green pigeons and purple-faced langurs dart between the trees.
Best time to visit Galle
With its number of complex weather fronts, the Sri Lankan climate is notoriously unpredictable. We suggest discussing the time you’d like to travel with one of our Sri Lanka specialists. Generally, the best time to travel to Galle is from December to March, when it’s warm and dry.
Suggested itineraries featuring Galle
Our itineraries will give you suggestions for what is possible when you travel in Galle, and they showcase routes we know work particularly well. Treat them as inspiration, because your trip will be created uniquely by one of our specialists.
Map of Galle
Places & hotels on the map
Places near Galle
- The Southern Coast 27 miles away
- Sinharaja Biosphere 31 miles away
- Bentota 31 miles away
- Tangalle 40 miles away
- Wadduwa 48 miles away
- Udawalawe National Park 57 miles away
- Adam's Peak 58 miles away
- Hatton 65 miles away
- Horton Plains 67 miles away
- Colombo 67 miles away
- Nuwara Eliya 75 miles away
- Bandarawela 77 miles away
- Negombo 86 miles away
- Kandy 92 miles away
- Yala National Park 95 miles away
- Pallepola 114 miles away
- Dambulla 131 miles away
- Sigiriya 138 miles away
- Polonnaruwa 143 miles away
- Minneriya National Park 144 miles away
- The Cultural Triangle 147 miles away
- Anuradhapura 160 miles away
- Passikudah 161 miles away
- Trincomalee 189 miles away
- Jaffna 252 miles away
Photos of Galle
Accommodation choices for Galle
We’ve selected a range of accommodation options for when you visit Galle. Our choices usually come recommended for their character, facilities and service or location. Our specialists always aim to suggest properties that match your preferences.
Ideas for experiencing Galle
Our specialists seek out authentic ways to get to know the places that could feature in your trip. These activities reflect some of the experiences they've most enjoyed while visiting Galle, and which use the best local guides.
Sri Lanka is becoming one of the most successful places to see both blue and sperm whales, which can be found off the island's southern coast.View details
Galle City Tour
Galle City Tour
Galle City Tour
Your guide will take you into the walled area of the town which consists of narrow streets lined with European style buildings, traditional churches and small shops selling lace and jewelry.View details