Aoraki, or Mount Cook, stands at an impressive 3,754 m (12,316 ft) tall and lies in the Southern Alps the mountain range that breaks through the length of the South Island. It is here that many visitors to the country have caught their first glimpse of the dramatic peaks that the South Island has become so renowned for.
It is here that I, like so many others, have discovered their love of the mountains and the great outdoors.
Mount Cook and the surrounding national park are considered to be historically and culturally very important to New Zealanders. The mountain was named in 1851 to honor Captain James Cook who first surveyed and circumnavigated the islands of New Zealand in 1770. The name was changed, however, in 1998 to its historic Māori name, Aoraki, which means ‘cloud piercer’. The mountain is sacred to the Ngai Tahu Tribe of the South Island, and Māori legend has it that the mountain and its companion peaks were formed when a boy named Aoraki and his three brothers came down from the heavens to visit Papatuanuku (Earth Mother) in a canoe. The canoe overturned and as the brothers climbed back on the boat the south winds froze them, and they turned to stone. Their canoe became the South Island and Aoraki, who stood the tallest of the brothers, is now seen as the magical Aoraki mountain.
As well as the country’s highest peak, the national park has 19 smaller peaks standing over 3,000 meters high and 72 named glaciers which cover over 40 percent of the park’s 700 square kilometers. It is therefore no surprise that the national park plays host to thousands of visitors every year, some attempting to climb many of these peaks and others who simply come to marvel at what is some of the country’s finest and most dramatic mountain scenery.
During my first visit to New Zealand I was lucky enough to have the opportunity to hike, or tramp as the Kiwi’s call it, up to Muller hut, a demanding five kilometer hike from Mount Cook village. The rewards of this climb are impressive, Mount Cook to the north, Muller Glacier to the south, Lake Pukaki to the east and the glacier-draped peaks of the main divide to the west. It was here when I looked back across this panorama that I vowed that this wouldn’t be my last visit to this spectacular country.
Although the walking and climbing in this part of the country are perhaps more challenging than in some of the other national parks, the scenery is accessible to all visitors. One of my favorite ways to explore is by taking a scenic flight or ski plane. These trips offer stunning aerial views of the mountains and some will have you land on the newly fallen snow covering the Tasman Glacier. One of the highlights of a recent trip to this area was the opportunity to take a sea kayaking trip around the Tasman Glacier. This trip gives you the opportunity to kayak into the pristine glacial bays surrounded by ice, listen to avalanches thundering off the slopes of Mount Sefton and drink some of the world’s purest (and coldest) water.
As well as admiring the scenery in this spectacular national park I would recommend a visit to the Sir Edmund Hillary Alpine Centre, established by New Zealanders as a tribute to their favorite mountaineer. It is here around Aoraki Mount Cook that the young explorer discovered his passion for the mountains. Sir Edmund Hillary was born in Auckland in 1919, but it was the mountains of South Island and particularly Mount Cook, that prepared him for his later challenges in the Alps and of course, the Himalaya. Here he climbed 11 different peaks of over 6,000 meters before attempting his ascent on the world’s highest peak. In May 1953 he became the first man to reach the summit of Mount Everest, 8,848 meters above sea level, and the highest point on Earth. He is therefore understandably one of New Zealand’s most prominent figures and his story is here for all to see. If you are planning a trip to New Zealand, whether you are keen to follow in the footsteps of Sir Edmund Hillary, or if you just want to sit back and admire the dramatic scenery, then a visit to Mount Cook is a must.
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